Hebrews 5:1 "For every high priest chosen from among men is appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins."

Why do we need a priest, what did he do?

As a symbol of the holy nation - representing the whole people before God

As a sign of the continual service to God, which was for all people

Covenant relationship vicariously maintained by priests for the people

Sanctification, propitiation & reconciliation -- for impurity/uncleanness was infectious

Gifts & Tributes - fat, liver, kidneys & blood; burnt as an offering to God

  1. propitiatory - seeking favor
  2. tributary - first fruits and offerings - owed because God is King
  3. Votive - in consequence of a vow, acknowledges favors received
  4. Thanksgiving - acknowledges favors received
  5. Free Will - gifts just because you want to

Daily sacrifice -

whole burnt offering cereal offering drink offering incense

Expiation - whole burnt offering

animal brought, laying on of hands, animal slain, blood poured out, flesh consumed, forgiveness pronounced

  1. Sin Offering - to counter impurity, physical or moral - removes impurity and regenerates
  2. Guilt Offering - the fine imposed on account of sin
  3. Scapegoat - a life in place of the life which was owed on account of sin - a ransom paid to free from death
  1. Passover
  2. Day of Atonement

First Fruits Tithe Sin Offering Scapegoat Oblation Atonement Reparation Heave Offering Wave Offering Drink Offering Cereal Offering Burnt Offering Votive Offering Sacrifice of Thanksgiving Incense Offering Purification Offering

Hebrews 5:2-3 He can deal gently with the ignorant and wayward, since he himself is beset with weakness. Because of this he is bound to offer sacrifice for his own sins as well as for those of the people.

Not the perfect intercessor, for how can he remove your splinter, when He is a beam in his eye?

Hebrews 5:5 So also Christ did not exalt himself to be made a high priest, but was appointed by him who said to him, "Thou art my Son, today I have begotten thee";

God appointed Aaron, God appoints the Levites, you just donít go and decide to do it yourself!

Hebrews 5:7 In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to him who was able to save him from death, and he was heard for his godly fear.

But even more than that, Jesus died, he offered himself as the sacrifice, one sacrifice, for the forgiveness of all sins of all people. In him we are made holy. In Him our sins have been taken away. In Him we can come into the presence of God without fear. A perfect priest, a perfect victim, which brings us a full and complete salvation, and not just us only, but this gift is for all.